Introduction to coconut and its consumables

Coconut Fruit

Coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm that grows in hot climates.  The fruit is green and turns brown when ripened. Round to the oval, a ripe fruit have a thick fibrous husk surrounding the familiar single-seeded nut of commerce and coconut meat contains coconut juice. Coconut fruit grows to a diameter of 6–8 inches and length of 12–18 inches, having a specific pleasant and sweet taste.

Coconut Origin

Some researchers claim that coconut originated from the tropics of the South American continent, and there is evidence of its origin from Indonesia and the Indian Ocean. Today, coconut is spread almost all over the tropics, except in the interior of Africa and South America. In the Pacific, coconuts likely were first cultivated on islands in Southeast Asia, meaning the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and perhaps the continent as well. In the Indian Ocean, the likely center of cultivation was the southern periphery of India, including Sri Lanka, the Maldives and the Laccadives. In Europe, it was brought by Portuguese explorers in the late 15th and 16th centuries.

The most common in the diet are three parts of coconut: coconut oil, juice and meat. Nutritionally very different,

The biggest media attention is attracted to the coconut oil which is attributable to the positive effect on human health. Scientific studies generally research the effect of coconut oil on cholesterol levels within the blood, and the results are intriguing. Although it contains a lot of saturated fats, which are known to raise the level of LDL (bad) cholesterol, coconut oil also raises the level of HDL (good) cholesterol.

Coconut meat

Coconut flesh is found in the kernel of the fruit; It is fresh with white lining Inside the coconut. Freshness also comes from young green coconuts Can be eaten immediately after breaking the shell with water juice. Eating tender fresh flesh of green (young) coconuts is refreshing Delicious and very nutritious.

According to the USDA National Nutrient Database, one cup of coconut meat contains 7 grams of dietary fiber.

Fiber cleans the intestinal tract and can help treat constipation,

Diet rich in fiber also reduces blood sugar levels,

Protects us from diabetes, raises immunity and

Lowers LDL cholesterol in the blood.


In fact, coconuts are one of the best foods to maintain health blood! One serving cup of coconut meat provides 17 percent of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of copper, necessary micro elements which activate enzymes responsible in the production of neurotransmitters.

For this reason, foods rich in copper, such as coconut, can help to protect us from the cognitive decline associated with aging.


Coconut oil

Oil in the meat of the coconut can help protect nerve cells from the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Coconut contains a solid amount of potassium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and important antioxidant, selenium. In addition, one serving of coconut meat also provides us with 60 percent of the RDI of magnesium, a mineral that enables various chemical reactions.

Coconut oil contains 66% of medium chain fatty acids. These fatty acids are considered to be a good source of energy for the organism, are relatively easily metabolized, and can be used as an emulsion in parenteral nutrition to treat a variety of ailment-related illnesses, but they have also been shown to have antifungal effects on neurodegenerative therapies. Diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and epilepsy. It is often considered one of the healthiest oils on earth. Coconut oil is obtained from brown (mature) coconut flesh.

Some call it virgin coconut oil and it is pure coconut oil. Coconut oil has a natural SPF and is an excellent moisturizer to protect your skin from sun damage. Fresh dried coconut meat is extracted from the oil by cold compression. Coconut oil extraction can be done by dry or wet processing method.

The dry processing method requires the meat to be extracted from the shell and then made into cooper using fire, oven or sunlight. Copra is tightly dissolved with a solvent before producing coconut oil. Wet processing uses raw coconut and creates the protein emulsion and water in the coconut. The emulsion must be broken down by boiling to get the oil back to the packers.


Coconut water


The water juice inside the center of the kernel of the coconut is clear liquid but has bountiful health benefits especially is rich in fiber and many rich nutrients, is very good for hydration and for weight loss.

Coconut water has a sweet taste and is a carbohydrate that is digested in the form of sugar, which is a clear liquid fluid in the center of the fruit and electrolytes.

Please do not misunderstand coconut water with coconut milk, it is different. Coconut water can be used as a sports drink (isotope) after strenuous exercise. It contains high levels of potassium, which we lose through sweating. Studies have shown that coconut water can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar.

In addition to coconut water, coconut sugar is another product of the coconut tree. It is made from the flowers on the plants that occur throughout the year and adds sweet juice and turns it into a final product called coconut sugar. It is characterized by a high content of minerals (potassium, magnesium, zinc and iron), vitamin B16 and various amino acids.

Coconut flour

Coconut flour came from the dried part of the coconut flesh. This flour A good way to add coconut flavor and fiber to bake. It’s a A few more calories and more fat than whole wheat flour (per 4 grams) Ounce), but it has a very high fiber content (10 grams per ounce). when Adding it to bread and cake recipes can dilute the effect on blood sugar. May be due to its fibers.


Coconut coir

Coir is a natural fiber derived from coconut husk. Coir is airy Many uses. It is found between the rigid, inner shell and the outer shell A coconut. It can be made into many uses, for example, doors, floor Mats, brushes and mattresses.