Financial Statement Analysis for Businessmen


At first glance, it seems to lack the ability to read and understand. One way to interpret a financial report is to calculate ratios, which means dividing a certain number of financial statements by another. Financial statement ratios are also useful because they can compare a company’s current performance with its past performance or the performance of another business, regardless of whether sales revenue or net income is larger or smaller than other years. The difference in company size can be canceled out by using ratios, respectively.

Financial reports don’t have many ratios. Public enterprises need to report one rate (earnings per share or EPS), while privately owned businesses generally do not report any rate. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) do not require companies to report rates other than EPS.

However, rates do not provide definitive answers. They are useful indicators, but they are not the only determinant of a company’s profitability and effectiveness.

One of the most useful indicators of a company’s profitability is its gross margin ratio. This is the gross margin divided by sales revenue. Businesses do not disclose marginal information in their external financial statements. This information is considered a proprietary nature and is kept confidential to protect it from competitors.

Profitability is very important when analyzing the bottom of a company. It shows how much net income is earned for every $ 100 of sales revenue. Some of the more price-competitive industries, such as retailers or grocery stores, show profit margins of only 1 to 2 percent.